CarabCat-Checklist FAQ      


Introduction to the Checklist

CarabCat, a global database of ground beetles developed and curated by FaunaPlan (W.LORENZ, 1990-2014) was the basis of a book edition in two volumes:

LORENZ, W. 1998a : Nomina Carabidarum. A directory of the scientific names of ground beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera "Geadephaga": Trachypachidae and Carabidae incl. Paussinae, Cicindelinae, Rhysodinae). 1.Edition. - 937 pp. (Tutzing).
LORENZ, W. 1998b : Systematic list of extant ground beetles of the world (Insecta, Coleoptera "Geadephaga": Trachypachidae and Carabidae incl. Paussinae, Cicindelinae, Rhysodinae). 1.Edition. - 502 pp. (Tutzing).
LORENZ, W. 2005a : Nomina Carabidarum. A directory of the scientific names of ground beetles (Insecta, Coleoptera "Geadephaga": Trachypachidae and Carabidae incl. Paussinae, Cicindelinae, Rhysodinae). 2. Edition. - 993 pp. (Tutzing).
LORENZ, W. 2005b : Systematic list of extant ground beetles of the world (Insecta, Coleoptera "Geadephaga": Trachypachidae and Carabidae incl. Paussinae, Cicindelinae, Rhysodinae). 2. Edition. - 530 pp. (Tutzing).


Since November 2013, CarabCat data concerning species-group taxa are part of the Catalogue of Life (CoL). Updates will be delivered at regular intervals.

So far, the Catalogue of Life does not have complete checklists with all ranks and names including synonyms of the genus- and family-groups.
The CarabCat-Checklist is designed to fill this gap by providing a searchable overview of the classification of extant ground beetles as currently accepted in the CarabCat database, with all synonyms and including additional annotations, e.g., on homonymy and availability of names. It can also be used to retrieve complete checklists for several countries (see list below). Additional options for filtering are, e.g., on taxonomic ranks, names of authors, or years of publication.

The CarabCat-Checklist is displayed in the classical concise checklist format used in many catalogues since the early 19th century (e.g., DEJEAN 1821, 1833, GEMMINGER & HAROLD 1868, CSIKI 1927-1933, LORENZ 1998, 2005, LÖBL & SMETANA 2003 ff.).
Future updates to this dynamic checklist will mostly be in a patch-work manner which means that parts of the list will have different publication dates. Future version numbers of such patches will be displayed in column "new".

The actual checklist is in the central two columns.
SORTBASIS and SORT are auxiliary columns for taxonomic navigation. The column SORTBASIS has sorting codes for major taxonomic rank categories from kingdom to family. The column SORT has sorting codes for categories from subfamily to subspecies. These codes do not represent stable identifiers but may change with future versions depending on changes in the sorting order.
The purpose of the "valid names of genus, species, subspecies" column is to tie together all records pertaining to the respective accepted names of genera, species and subspecies.
The last column "new" points to updates (changes = "xc", additions = "x+") to the last edition of the book volumes 'Nomina Carabidarum'" and 'Systematic List' (LORENZ 2005a & b).
Line spaces are inserted for ease of reading.

The maximum of displayable records (table rows) is 10.000 per search. Longer lists or more complex data queries are available from the author.

How to search

All searches are case sensitive by default, which means that names of authors can be found only by using capital letters, e.g. %BATES%. Search text strings should always be closed by the place-holder sign % or wrapped in between %%.

Examples for search boxes 1-8:

1. Search on valid names of genus, species, subspecies.
E.g., a search for Pericalus% will retrieve the complete global checklist of that genus. Synonyms are displayed with preceding ____

2. Search on any name, author or year.
E.g., a search for *ANDREWES* will retrieve all names established by that author, but including names that are homonyms of names established by Andrewes.
E.g., a search for *1868* retrieves all names published in that year.

3. Search on names of families, or higher taxa.
To retrieve lists of taxa belonging to a family or higher taxon, two steps are needed:
First, search for the name in search field 2, e.g.: %Trachypach%
Second step, with the result of step 1, copy code string from column SORTBASIS, paste in search box 3 and close with %

4. Search on names of subfamilies, tribes, subtribes, subgenera.
To retrieve lists of taxa belonging to a subfamily, tribe, subtribe, subgenus, proceed in two steps:
First, search for the name in search field 2, e.g.: %Pericalin%
Second step, with the result of step 1, copy code string from column SORT, paste in search box 4 and close with %

5. Genus+epithet combinations (binomina)
The Catalogue of Life is the best place for searching on all binomina, including synonyms, original combinations, and outdated combinations.
The CarabCat-Checklist has some additional information on such names, e.g. concerning availability and homonymy.
Combine a search in field 2 (e.g., %marginicoll%) and 5 (e.g., %Tachys.%). Note that a genus name string should be wrapped in %% and be closed with a dot sign in order to avoid ambiguous results, especially in names like Do, Ja, etc.

6. Limit search to ranks or valid names
To retrieve filtered lists of certain ranks, e.g. genera, the following codes are available:
%a% - for all valid names (hide synonyms and line spaces)
23% - species (including synonyms); 23a - species (without synonyms)
20% - genera (including synonyms); 20a - genera (without synonyms)
17% - tribes
18% - subtribes
15% - subfamilies

7. Bioregions
best used in combination with search fields 1, 3, or 4

8. Countries
Country-codes are "opaque" (not transparent).
Complete checklists are available for:
Germany: %aK% , Ethiopia: %hV% , Tanzania: %iZ% , South Africa: %jJ% , India: %kF% , Philippines: %n%
This is a work in progress; more country lists are in preparation

All searches can be combined.
E.g., a search in box 1 on "Stenolophus%" combined with %iZ% in box 8 will retrieve the Tanzanian checklist of the genus Stenolophus.
E.g., a search in box 6 on "20a" combined with %jJ% in box 8 will retrieve the valid names of genera in South Africa.
E.g., a search in box 4 on "VKDQ%" combined with %n% in box 8 will retrieve the checklist of Lebiini subtribe Physoderina in the Philippines.

More complex data queries or other data formats are available upon request from the author.

Abbreviations used in the checklist:
[nec ...] - "and not" (preceding an author's name): in context with preoccupied names pointing to the author(s) of the senior name.
[non ...] - "and not" (preceding an author's name); in comntext with misidentified names, pointing to the original author(s).
[preocc.] - preoccupied name
[suppr.] - suppressed name
[nom.obl.] - nomen oblitum
[nom.prot.] - protected name
[unav.] - unavailable name under the provisions of the ICZN Code (ed. 4).
? - a probable synonym

Recommended citation:
LORENZ, W. 2014 : CarabCat-Checklist (version 1.0). - http://carabidfauna.com/checklist.php (date of download)
Copyright: Licensed under Creative Commons (BY, version 4.0).